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2017-12-6 19:23| 发布者: admin| 查看: 822| 评论: 0
摘要: 竹桥古村解说词 Zhuqiao Cun An ancient village in eastern Jiangxi Province 竹桥古村始于元末明初,距今六、七百年。这是一个余姓的村落,是由福建邵武蓝田迁移而来。现有220户,800余人。2010年的时候,村桥古 ...


Zhuqiao Cun

An ancient village in eastern Jiangxi Province




Dating from the late Yuan Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty, Zhuqiao Cun is with a history of 6,700 years. The original villagers of Zhuqiao Cun, Yu’s family, coming from Fujian province, traveled a great distance and then settled here. Until now, there are almost 200 households and about 800 people.

In 2010, Zhuqiao Cun was rated as the Chinese historical and Cultural Village.




Like the Shakespeare in England and the ? in Spanish, the talents of Linchuan and the books of Jinxi are both very famous in China. And the latter begins right here. Besides, there are 109 architectural remainsincluding five ancestral temples, four gate towers, three old wells, and two wood-block printing sites. Well, next, let me give you a detailed introduction about the above things.




Look at the road we are walking on. It’s a black slab stone road. In ancient China, this is a post road, leading to Dongxiang County. The post road is almost like our modern State Road. Someone of you may have noticed the grooves in the middle of the stone. Well, these grooves are the traces left by Jigong Che, a single-wheeled cart, which is used to deliver goods and materials. (A mini truck in old days, huh?) And thank for these marks, we can gain a hint of the bustling scenes of this traditional village at that time.




This gate tower in front of you is called Guanglu Shidi Men, Men is door in Chinese, and Guanglu Shidi is the door’s name. The builders build it to memorialize the predecessor, Yuhe, and his achievements.




Well, here is the site of the three old wells in Qing Dynasty. The left one is dug during the reign of Emperor Kangxi, and this one is dug in the Emperor Qianlong years. Not far from here, there is another old well dug during Daoguang period. People here also call them Kangqiandao Pinzi San Jing. San Jing is three wells in Chinese.

Look at this well. Dug in Qianlong years, it is surrounded by ten stone balustrades. A square hole inside a circle, the shape is similar to the Chinese ancient cooper, and also stands for the hemispherical dome cosmology in ancient Chinese culture. Ten stone balustrades means perfect.

The ancients in China had a special attitude towards wealth. They viewed water as money. This three old wells and the thoughtful arrangement imply that people has to make money in the right way, maintaining a reputation for honesty.




Taiping Army is a very important part in the history of Qing Dynasty. It consists of peasant uprisings. It was said that these insurgents killed, burned and looted here when they passed through the village. And the wavy lines on the stone balustrades are the evidence that the uprisings sharpened their knives for killing. Blood soaked the stone balustrades, the well, flowing quietly around. After that, the well has never been used.




This one is the second gate tower we see. Have you found something special or different, comparing with the one we have just met? Well, stand in front of the door, and you may see the difference. The front of the gate tower is a well, not a road! And, you may never relate this thing to a bull.

A celebrated master, skilled at Fengshui, was said to come here and helped people to build the village years ago. According to the related theory, he put an armchair to confirm an ideal direction of this gate tower, which has a great importance on the development of the village. However, a bull happened to run into the scene and knocked this armchair. A great pity it is! The master had no way. So, the gate tower and the village had to be what we saw today.




This gate tower was first built in the early Ming dynasty, and rebuilt twice until now. During the war, safeguard was settled on either side of the gate tower. The average is not admitted to go in.

The tablet here is inscribed the donation, recording the donators and some other detailed information. Another tablet, look this one, is a warning to the lepers that they are not allowed to be in the village.




This is a pool, constructed by stone entirely. Same as this one, another seven pools are found in the village. People here give them a beautiful name, Qixingbanyue Tang. Tang is pool in Chinese. The seven pools sit on the ground just like the Big Dipper in the sky. They all around one semicircle pool, named Yue Tang. Yue is moon in Chinese.

The Qixingbanyue Tang is not only a beautiful scene in the village, but also a developed drainage system. The terrain of the village is form high to low.

Water from rain or residential use flows along the canals and to the pools, from the high one to the low one, finally, goes to the farmland outside the village. In this way, water is used to the full.




Zhilan and Yushu, are metaphors to men of noble spirit and also a word to describe the excellent. From this plaque, Zhilan Qixiu, we can see the owner has a great expectation on the younger generation, hoping them can bring the family prosperity.

Look! You can see two words carved here, Jiansheng and Lvtai. Lvtai, is climbing Mount Tai in Chinese. Jiansheng has a meaning of rising steadily. Both of them convey a positive moral in Chinese culture. Hope they can bless you in everything you do, our honored guests.




Wenlonggong Ci, the earliest ancestral temple in the village. In the early Ming Dynasty, it was built to memorialize the predecessor, Yu Wenlong, who was the thirteenth decedent of the ancestor, Yu Kezhong. Yu Wenlong, once worked under Chen Youliang, and died in the battle of Poyang Hu.Chen Youliang is known for establishing a short-lived Dynasty at the end of Yuan Dynasty.

The construction material includes red stone, cinnamomum camphora and Zhu tree.

People here held important events inside this building. Every year, on the day after the New Year’s Day, the whole villagers come to this temple, worshiping the ancestors, and register the newborn in the family tree.




Wenlin Di is the residence of Zhou hunyuan' s father-in-law. Zhou Hunyuan is a military commander, the most valuable general of Jiang Jieshi.

He had tracked down the Red Army in many battles. When he died in 1938, Jiang Jieshi himself wrote an elegiac couplet to him.




This is another gate tower. You can see a Chinese character, Ben, paved by blue stones on the ground. Ben, has many meanings in Chinese, such as the origin of a thing, the man itself, or the number of books. Behind this gate tower, there is another Chinese character, Ren, which is people in Chinese. This gate tower conveys several message as following. First, a man has to take his own responsibility. Second, a symbol of the outstanding technology, Block Painting. last, people here should keep in mind that a man should never forget who he is, no matter what achievements he makes. it can be said that this gate tower makes a great contribution to the unity of the villagers.

A flag stone and a stake, used to tie the horse, sit beside the gate tower. The flag stone records  the scholars'  fame and the village's glory. Though hundreds of years passed, they still in a good state.




By the gate, Xizi Lu is one of the rare cultural phenomenon. In ancient times, people will burn the printed paper, when he finds it on the ground, other than crush it under the feet. I believe that you can see the villager's  respect for culture from this thing.




,but this one is actually back to us. Its appearance is just like the official headgear in the Ming Dynasty. Because of this, the house has a fame for blessing the visitors get promoted in career. Hope it will bring you luck, my honored guests.



This group of buildings can date from the year 1824. The householder is a wealthy businessman, who was awarded as Dafu, an official position, which is a great honor for businessman in ancient times, though without real power. Due to their owner's identity, the buildings are named Dafu Di. Di is estate in Chinese.

Four buildings connect and form the whole architecture. These pavilions are well preserved. Besides, a special one of them, named Shaiyin Lou, is designed to dry the silver coins. Inside the buildings, the owner have collected some antique furniture. let's have a look.




Now along the winding paths we are walking, there is another gate tower, which is not aligned exactly with the one just passed by. It is said that this special design can be used to block perverts.

Well, these two pools are among the Qixing Banyue Tang introduced. The pool has a very important function for preventing the house from fire and thieves. (As you see, almost all ancient Chinese buildings are made of wood.) I guess you may be confusing now. Why? The pool and the thieves? In fact, when the thieves get into the village, villagers find them and will chase and hit. The thieves are fluttered and have a strong possibility jumping to the pool.




Jian Cao Chuan Fang, Jian, means to give advice to the emperor in Chinese. Cao is common wealth in Chinese. This gate tower is built to memorialize Yu Changyan, whose advise are adopted by the emperor Daoguang. Yu Changyan and Lu j Jiuyuan are good friends.


对面是芋头 胖子土坯房:该建筑是本村外号芋头胖子的大财主建造的一栋土坯房。因为主人属鼠,且为地鼠,地鼠怕火,砖乃火制,火气重也,故不用砖墙。至于屋顶坡面整体东高西低?有说这里是一条线风带,为了避风;有说是主人爱财,控制肥水外流;也有说是适应堪舆之说而避免东低西高。事实如何还有待考究。


The opposite is the rammed earth construction, Yutou Pangzi. (Pangzi is a Chinese word to describe someone fat.) Yutou Pangzi, is a well-known local rich man. This clay house belongs to him. A rich man living in places like this. You may wonder him another Sherlock in Shakespeare's world. The truth is that the rammed earth construction is the result of Chinese culture. The brick is made by fire. The householder was born in the year of the rat. People think rat afraid of fire. Regarding to this view, the house of this rich man shouldn't be made of brick.

There are some reasons for the roof construction, but none of them are confirmed.




Here is a public space, Hefang Yanjin Bei. A warning tablet on the wall with words, Men Lou. Men Lou is gate tower. No farm implements are permitted to be put here, which shows the power of the rules.




The houses here in the village are very dense and the roads are narrow. Wen we see the corner like this, it 's proper for us to wipe the corner. This action can prevent the old and the youth from being injured, and also, tell the descendant not to make a showy display of their abilities.




This dado, built by bluestones, and blue brick, is a feature in Ming's architecture. As a protection to the architecture, it makes a contribution against thieves. Except this, the dado is a symbol to the identity. Generally speaking, richer one is, more dado will be used.




Deep, narrow and open ditches can be found in many lanes. If fell down carelessly, it would be very hurt. Because of this, the ditches has another function that it can protect the house against thieves.

The design, attaching importance to discouraging thieves, implies that men are out for business.






拜石:这原先是一个秀才的家。他十分崇拜书法大师米芾。而米芾还有一个嗜好——爱石成痴。只要见到喜爱的石头,便会下跪与之结拜,所以在门牌上刻上“拜石”二字。而这“石”多一点,从书法角度上,是为了平衡字体结构,石       点,也寓意着对财富的崇拜。那么    点石    成什么呢?







The design of Yao Men is very considerate for its function. It can keep the children safe and the livestock out of the house. meanwhile, the light of the house wouldn't be shaded from the light.





Yangzheng Shanfang.

This is another site of Block Printing in the village. The owner is out for years and the building falls into disrepair.




Zhenchuangong Ci

Zhigui and Peilan express the hope for cultivating talents. The girls sit on the left and the boys on the right. In the village, the girls have the equal right to be educated.

This good tradition makes it the appropriate settlement for Jinxi No.1 Middle School to a temporary use during the Anti-Japanese war.






Zhonghegong Ci

Ruxiao and Chuti are from the Analects of Confucius. they have a meaning of respecting parents and being kind to the friends. Zhonghegong Ci is the most extraordinary ancestral temple in the village with ten decorative cylinders, which stands for a omnipotent background. The door in the middle open merely in special situation, such as the elderly comes.

Well, it is open now. Welcome our honored guests




OK, that’s all. “邂逅五湖乘兴往,相邀锦绣谷中春”, Wang anshi  was effusive in his praise for Jinxi. Today I want to use this verse to convey my best wishes. Hope distinguished leaderships good health and all the best!

Wish you good health and all the best!









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